Question of the Week # 102, 103

102) A 65 year old man presents to your office with increasing abdominal distension and bilateral leg swelling. He reports his symptoms started 3 months ago and progressively worsening. He smokes about one pack cigarettes per day and drinks one pint vodka every day. His last drink was 1 day ago. On examination, he is afebrile and he has abdominal distension and ascites with out any tenderness on palpation. Lab studies show  WBC 8k/µl, Hemoglobin of 10.2 gm%, Platelets 90k/µl, Total protein of 6.4, Albumin 2.2, SGOT 300, SGPT 130, Total Bilirubin 4.2 , Direct Bilirubin 3.3, Prothrombin time of 19 seconds and Creatinine 2.2. The patient undergoes diagnostic paracentesis which reveals a total protein of  1.4, albumin of 0.6, WBC count of 400 with polymorphonuclear neutrophils of 100cells/ml. Bacterial cultures are pending. The most important step in managing this patient is :

A) Intravenos Ceftriaxone

B) Intravenos Corticosteroids

C) Intravenos Albumin Infusion

D) Trans-jugular Intrahepatic Porto-systemic Shunt (TIPS)

E) Arrange for Liver Tranplant

F) Furosemide and Spironolactone

103) The most important factor that should be considered in determining the etiology of this patient’s Ascites:

A) Fluid WBC

B) Fluid  Albumin

C) Fluid Total protein

D) Serum – Ascites- Albumin – Gradient

E) Serum Albumin and Prothrombin time

6 Responses

  1. Ans. B, D
    this is a nice question differentiating cirrhosis and etoh hepatitis acute
    nice link here http://bhj.org/journal/1999_4103_july99/dpii_560.htm

  2. A
    D

  3. A
    D

  4. B and D

  5. F and D
    SBP treatment basis is upon cell count of 250 neutrophils so it could not be A ,

  6. A D

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