Question of the Week # 259

259)  A 32 year old woman presents to your office after she discovered that she is pregnant based on a positive home pregnancy test. A repeat urine Beta-HCG is positive in the office. Her past medical history is significant for recurrent deep vein thromboses and homozygosity for  Factor V leiden mutation. She has been on coumadin for the past three years. Her physical examination is benign with out any clinical evidence of deep vein thromboses. You advice her to stop coumadin. You prescribe unfractionated heparin at a dose of 5000 IU twice daily  to be used through out her pregnancy . This patient is at risk for which of the follwing?

A) Hypokalemia

B) Fetal malformations

C) Vertebral fractures

D) Complete abortion

E) Thrombocytosis

Question of the Week # 258

258 )  A 32 year old woman is evaluated  in your office during a routine antenatal visit. She is a primigravida and is now presenting at 14 week gestation. The patient has been compliant with antenatal vitamin supplements. She reports mild early morning nausea and vomiting. On physical examination, her vitals are with in normal limits. Cardiovascular examination reveal exaggerated heart sounds ( S1 and S2) and  a new systolic ejection murmur across the lower left sternal border. An S3 gallop is present.  A grade 1 diastolic murmur is heard at the left ventricular apex that increases in the left lateral decubitus position. There is an exaggerated drop in systemic blood pressure by 16m Hg during inspiration ( Pulsus paradoxus). Which of the following physical examination findings in this patient is most likely to be pathological?

A)     New Systolic murmur

B)     Pulsus paradoxus

C)      S3 gallop

D)     Diastolic murmur

E)     Exaggerated heart sounds

Question of the Week # 151

151) A 65 year old man is evaluated in the Emergency room for Shortness of breath and mild chestpain. On examination, he has dullness to percussion in the left lung base. The breath sounds are bronchial in nature. Vocal and tactile fremitus is increased in this area. Most likely lung abnormality that can explain this patient’s physical examination findings:

A) Consolidation

B) Pneumothorax

C) Pleural Effusion

D) Lung Collapse

E) Hydropneumothorax

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